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Promote light industry to the middle and high end with the direction of "smart manufacturing"

时间: 2018-06-19         阅读:    次  
"Made in China 2025" has been officially released. The implementation of "Made in China 2025" will help the light industry to strengthen confidence in the new normal period, accelerate structural adjustment, strengthen innovation drive, strive to open up markets, guide and create demand, and maintain stable and fast. It also helps us to focus on the next 10 years, to forge ahead, to promote China's light industry as a whole to the mid-to-high end, and to enter the ranks of the world's light industry powers in 2025.

In the direction of intelligent manufacturing, the three echelons entered the ranks of the world's light industrial powers.

The core of the five major projects to be implemented in "Made in China 2025" is intelligent manufacturing engineering. As early as last August, we actively participated in the related work of "Made in China 2025" and "Strategy of Manufacturing Powerful Country" led by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and proposed a strategic direction focusing on intelligent manufacturing.

In 2013, Germany proposed the Industry 4.0 strategy, which is the development strategy proposed after the successful completion of Industry 1.0, Industry 2.0, and the completion of Industry 3.0. It is a development strategy in a phased order. China's light industry is still in the stage of parallel development of Industry 2.0 and Industry 3.0. Some industries have to follow the development path of Industry 2.0 Supplement, Industry 3.0 Popularization, and Industry 4.0 Demonstration, so our task is more complicated and more arduous than Germany's implementation of Industry 4.0. Germany is a world manufacturing powerhouse and a leading exporter of industrial manufactured goods. China is a big country in light industry manufacturing, but it is not a light industrial manufacturing power.

"Made in China 2025" has made overall plans for the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. It not only proposes the path and measures for cultivating the development of new industries, but also strengthens the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries like the light industry. Staged outstanding contradictions and problems such as industry innovation capability, product quality, and industrial foundation. In the preparation of the “Eleventh Five-Year” development guidance for light industry, China National Light Industry Federation took the lead in proposing a pre-judgment. After 20 years of continuous development, China’s light industry can be divided into three “industry echelons” into the ranks of the world’s light industrial powers. . Appliances, leather, furniture, bicycles, batteries and other industries are the first to achieve the goal of a world power.

"Made in China 2025" pointed out that it is necessary to seize the research and development and production of intelligent equipment and intelligent products, through the intelligent manufacturing equipment such as high-end digital machine tools and industrial robots, and the intelligent production of intelligent products such as wearable products, smart home appliances and service robots. And industrialization, and vigorously promote the intelligentization of the manufacturing process.

The first is intelligent manufacturing, which realizes machine substitution and solves the problem of rising labor costs. Over the years, the number of people employed in the light industry has attracted more than 30 million people, accounting for about a quarter of the employment of industrial enterprises above designated size. In recent years, due to the decline in demographic dividends, the difficulty of recruiting workers and the rising labor costs, coupled with the increasing demand for flexible manufacturing products, the continuous improvement of the professional quality and technical level of employees, the “machine substitution” production model using robots to achieve automation has been rapidly promoted. Automation and robot application are the future development direction of the manufacturing industry, and investment in automation should be increased.

The second is intelligent manufacturing, which realizes the mechanization, automation and intelligence of the production process. According to the two stages of "Made in China 2025", the first stage is from 2015 to 2020, the application of digital network technology will be fully promoted, and some industries and enterprises will carry out pilot and demonstration of intelligent technology; the second stage will be 2020 to 2025. In the year, we will vigorously promote the application of networked and intelligent technologies.

The home appliance industry in the light industry has already tried first and made gratifying progress and valuable experience. At present, Haier has built Shenyang refrigerator, Zhengzhou air conditioner and Foshan washing machine, Qingdao water heater 4 major interconnected factories, the world's first custom air conditioner has been off the assembly line in Zhengzhou. The front end of Haier Interconnect Factory is a user interaction customization platform called “Chong Chuang Hui”. The user interaction customization platform means that users are no longer the bystanders of products, but the whole process participants of manufacturing, which opens the era of self-createment. “Haidayuan” module resource platform is the first resource platform in the global home appliance industry to provide self-registration, self-robbing, self-interaction, self-transaction, self-delivery and self-optimization for global suppliers. Currently, the platform has completed self-registration. More than 3,700 module vendors, more than 2000 solutions on the platform to provide users with the best experience. At the end of 2011, Shunde became the first national “integration of equipment industry and two-in-one integration and intelligent manufacturing pilot”. In addition, Midea Group, Gree Electric Appliances, and Shanghai Hitachi have also increased their investment in smart manufacturing such as intelligent modules and robots.

Key industries of light industry should actively participate in the automation, intelligence and autonomy of key special professional equipments in the industry, participate in the research, design and manufacture of key core technologies for intelligent manufacturing equipment and intelligent production lines such as industrial robots in this industry; Technical innovation and input in terms of technology. Vigorously promote the intelligentization of the manufacturing process, and promote the construction of intelligent manufacturing units, intelligent production lines, intelligent production workshops and smart factories in key industries from the aspects of product design intelligence, key process intelligence, and supply chain optimization management and control.

In addition to key industries, special areas of light industry and key industrial clusters have also made plans to promote smart manufacturing. Quanzhou City of Fujian Province began to formulate "Quanzhou Manufacturing 2025" last year. Jinjiang City is the core area of "Manufacture of Quanzhou" and the famous "China Shoes Capital". They proposed to build Quanzhou into the goal of China's intelligent manufacturing base.

The third is to speed up the production level of light industrial intelligent products and continuously satisfy and guide consumption. Accelerate the research and development and industrialization of intelligent products such as wearable products, smart home appliances, service robots, and digital products (such as smart sewing equipment, smart sanitary ware, smart toys, and furniture).

"Made in China 2025" puts forward the "three-step" strategic goal of building and manufacturing a strong country in three 10 years. China's light industry should also focus on intelligent manufacturing, and strive to enter the ranks of the world's light industrial powers in the first 10 years; In the second 10 years, it will enter the middle of the world's light industrial powers; in the third decade, 2045, it will enter the leading position of the world's light industry powers, and eventually become a light industrial manufacturing power when the 100th anniversary of the founding of New China.

Accelerating the transformation and upgrading of China's light industry with the integration of the two technologies

In recent years, we have done some work in promoting the integration of light industry and achieved remarkable results. We have taken the form of a joint exchange meeting with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to promote the integration of the two industries of light industry and the application and development of e-commerce, and actively participated in the establishment and improvement of infant formula milk powder enterprises by means of integration of the two industries. Quality and safety traceability system. In cooperation with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the pilot projects of the two-in-one integration management system were carried out. Haier Group, Jiuyang, Wahaha Group, Nine Dragons Paper, Yueyang Forest Paper, Golden Monkey Group and Baoen Leather Group took the lead to become pilot enterprises.

In the next step, we will continue to implement the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology's "Special Action Plan for Deep Integration of Informatization and Industrialization (2013-2018)", strengthen the construction and promotion of industry standards for the integration of enterprise two-in-one management system, and accelerate the development of technologies to support the deep integration of key industries. Standards and specifications, continue to carry out the evaluation of the integration level of enterprise integration in the papermaking, home appliances, leather and other industries, and start the assessment of other industries as soon as possible, and carry out the typical demonstration work of the industry's two integrations. In each industry, a group of industry-oriented two-industry typical model enterprises were selected to support the integration of typical enterprises and to promote the promotion of the typical experience of the integration of demonstration enterprises. Carry out the construction of the food service quality and safety information traceability public service platform. Promote the process industrial energy online simulation system in key industries of energy conservation and emission reduction, support the construction of a number of enterprise energy management and control centers, and carry out digital energy pilot projects. Promote energy-saving and emission-reduction information technology and promote the evaluation of enterprise digital energy application level.

Building a big data platform in leading enterprises in key industries of light industry, carrying out data mining analysis and intelligent decision-making, optimizing resource allocation and business processes. In the key industries, we will build a big data platform with open data, and realize long-term dynamic tracking, forecasting and supervision of products and markets through big data.

Consolidate the basic key breakthroughs and achieve an overall improvement in the basic capabilities of light industry

In order to further improve the basic capacity building of key industries in light industry, we organized key industries such as papermaking, plastics, home appliances, batteries, fermentation, watches and clocks, sewing machinery, etc. through in-depth investigation and demonstration to determine the basic components and foundations urgently needed for the development of a number of industries. The breakthrough of technology and basic materials, and strive to achieve breakthrough results in 2015 to 2017, on the basis of industrialization, applied to technological transformation of enterprises, and gradually promoted in the industry.

Adopting the model of production, study and research, and coordinating the organization to break through a number of “four basics” projects that restrict the development of key industries. The paper industry is manufacturing shoe-type press technology and steel Yankee dryer equipment; the home appliance industry is in new-type motor manufacturing; the plastics industry is special. Engineering plastics, functional membrane materials; bio-fermentation and other industries in industrial catalysts (enzyme preparations) and other technologies; battery industry in precision measurement systems and manufacturing execution systems (MES), new lead storage batteries, non-lead grids, high specific energy lithium-ion power Lithium-rich manganese-based composite cathode material for battery; sewing machine industry in oil-free technology, high-precision casing manufacturing; watch industry in precision plywood processing technology and technology, high-precision elastic components (hairspring, spring) processing technology and other basic fields , made a breakthrough. Utilize new technologies, new processes, new materials, and new equipment to promote energy conservation and emission reduction of enterprises, develop green light industrial products; target the status quo of key equipment in light industry key industries, and use key technologies, equipment and key projects as breakthroughs to improve key equipment The level of autonomy. The development of light industry emerging industries is driven by information technology, biotechnology and new energy. The breakthrough and application of a batch of core technologies have formed mass production capacity and promoted the overall improvement of the basic capacity building of light industry.

Focusing on the quality tree brand to promote the transformation of Chinese products to China's quality

China's light industry is not competitive, and the industry is at the low-end of the international value chain, lacking world-renowned brands. First of all, the overall level of China's light industrial product quality and technical standards is not high. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology interprets this as an example of exporting toys: From July 2013 to June 2014, the EU’s new Toy Safety Directive was fully implemented for one year. The EU RAPEX notified and recalled toys manufactured in China and exported to EU countries. A total of 498 cases, more than 20 toys produced in mainland China each month were notified/recalled by the EU RAPEX for quality and safety issues. Secondly, Chinese enterprises have invested heavily in brand design, brand building and brand maintenance, and brand cultivation and development are seriously lagging behind. In 2014, among the world brands, China's light industry enterprises only selected several brands such as Haier, Gree and Bosideng, which are far lower than the United States, France and Japan. Again, the overall level of the standard system is not high. According to statistics, there are only 39 international standards for light industry that are led by China, and the standard update rate is slow. Finally, the development level of China's light industry leading enterprises is also very disproportionate to China's manufacturing power status. In 2014, the number of industrial enterprises above designated size in China's light industry reached 108,000, and the main business income reached more than 22 trillion yuan, ranking first in the global light industry. However, China's mainland region has not yet entered the “World Top 500”. Industrial enterprises, the leading enterprises with annual sales revenue of more than 100 billion yuan are only Haier, Midea, Gree, Guangming and Yurun, and their contribution to industrial growth is far lower than the average level of industrial developed countries. In addition, enterprises should be encouraged to formulate corporate standards, group standards, and alliance standards that are higher than national standards and industry standards, actively promote the implementation of self-declaration of industrial product quality enterprises, encourage enterprises to pursue superior quality, and form brand-name products with independent intellectual property rights. Enhance the corporate brand value and the overall image of “Made in China”, promote the transformation of Chinese products into China's quality, and promote China's light industry and products to the middle and high end.

Full implementation of green manufacturing

Create light industry ecology and green industry

Increase key industries such as paper, leather, food, and batteries to promote energy conservation, emission reduction, and pollution control, and use new technologies, new processes, new materials, and new equipment to promote energy conservation and emission reduction. Strengthen the development and promotion of clean production technologies in key areas, and further implement the application demonstration projects and demonstration projects in the papermaking, leather, brewing, fermentation, and battery industry clean production implementation programs. Formulate a clean production technology evaluation index system for key industries and carry out the identification of advanced cleaner production enterprises. Establish energy-saving benchmark enterprises, carry out energy efficiency benchmarking activities, and vigorously promote new energy-saving technologies. In key industries such as paper and food, we will guide the construction of energy management centers, and use information technology and management technologies to achieve energy conservation. Develop and promote heavy metal pollution prevention and control technologies in the battery and leather industries, and greatly improve the level of clean production in the industry. Strengthen the promotion and application of waste comprehensive utilization technology, and improve the ability of bulk industrial solid waste such as waste electrical appliances, waste paper, waste plastics, and leather waste to be converted into renewable resources.

Deeply promote the structural adjustment of manufacturing industry, develop service-oriented manufacturing and production service industry

Focus on key industries, give full play to the organization and coordination role of industry associations, integrate relevant resources, improve the common technology research and development system, and actively build a strategic alliance of industrial technology innovation with enterprises as the main body, combining production, education and research; and promote the industry's technological innovation public service platform. Construction, forming a support system for key industries and regional innovation; actively promoting the construction of technology service integration platforms for industrial clusters, and improving the development level of industrial clusters.

Improve the development level of featured regions and industrial clusters. Strengthen the guidance and support for the planning of light industrial areas and industrial clusters, industrial upgrading, energy conservation and emission reduction, and support industrial clusters with better development in the fields of home appliances, leather, furniture, plastics, ceramics, fermentation, etc. "Internet +" model, establish and improve a number of SMEs technology R & D, technology consulting, testing, information and other technology service integration platform, develop professional markets and e-commerce, organize the implementation of industrial cluster demonstration projects, improve industry and regional innovation The system guides small and medium-sized enterprises to take the development path of “specialization, precision, speciality and newness”. Improve the quality and grade of industrial clusters, accelerate the transformation of traditional industrial clusters to independent design and processing, and independent brand production, and realize the overall transformation and upgrading of industrial clusters. Support the technological advancement of a group of key enterprises in the cluster, give play to the leading role in product radiation, technology demonstration and information diffusion, extend the industrial chain, comprehensively promote and promote the healthy development of small and medium-sized enterprises, and form a situation of light industry “mass entrepreneurship, innovation” It will create a group of innovative modern industrial cluster demonstration bases that are in line with the low-carbon economy, circular economy development model and relatively complete industrial chain.

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